The world was taken aback on August 12 by the assassination attempt on Salman Rushdie, a renowned novelist who personifies the right to free speech.
During the course of his address at Chautauqua Institution in Chautauqua, New York, he was stabbed in the neck as well as the abdomen. It’s hard to believe that such a well-known figure would be the target of an unexpected and potentially fatal attack.
The assassination attempt can be traced back to Salman Rushdie’s fourth novel, “The Satanic Verses,” which was published in 1988. It was met with both praise and criticism from the academic community as well as objections from members of the Muslim community.
Fatwa Against Salman Rushdie Came To Reality After 13 Years of Hiding
The vast majority of Muslims have leveled accusations of blasphemy and unbelief against both Rushdie and his work in relation to the novel.
As a result, in the year 1989, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran issued a fatwa that ordered Muslims to execute Salman Rushdie. After receiving the fatwa, the assailant continued with his plan to stab the novelist on August 12 and stood by his decision.
A fatwa is a judgement on a particular topic of Islamic law that is issued by an authority that is recognized.
The name of the suspect has been confirmed to be that of Hadi Matar, a man who is 24 years old and hails from Fairview, New Jersey. The author, who was taken into custody on the same day as him, has been charged with attempted murder by the suspect.
In addition, Matar is charged with assault for causing a face injury to a guy who was on stage at the same time as Rushdie when the attack occurred.
Rushdie had already fled into hiding for more than a decade in order to avoid the religious intolerance and the fatwa that had been issued against him before a number of other attempts were made to kill him.
Only in recent years had Salman Rushdie begun engaging in activities such as giving interviews to the press and making public appearances.
Blasphemy Committed By Salman Rushdie, Author Of “The Satanic Verses,” Led To The Attack On August 12
Up until the year 1998, the Iranian government, which existed at the time, had issued and supported the fatwa against Rushdie.
After President Mohammad Khatami gained control of the government in 1998, he said that the country was withdrawing its support for Rushdie’s execution.
However, according to the Islamic tradition, a fatwa cannot be reversed, and Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, stated that the fatwa was still in effect in 2017 and 2019.
A controversy erupted almost immediately when people realized that the book’s title, “The Satanic Verses,” referred to a myth surrounding the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
In addition to this, the novel’s interior content included the so-called Satanic Verses, which were said to have been spoken by Muhammad and were the impetus for the hatred and protests against the author.
The novel is considered illegal to read in many countries throughout the world, including Iran, India, Sudan, Bangladesh, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Kenya, Thailand, Tanzania, Indonesia, Singapore, and Venezuela, to name just a few on the long list.
In spite of the persistent hostility and condemnation directed toward the book, Sir Rushdie survived a number of attempts to take his life over the course of these years.
The attack has prompted contradictory sentiments to be expressed on Twitter, with numerous users showing both sympathy for and indifference for the occurrence.
Sir Salman Rushdie Is Off The Ventilator And Able To Talk
The perpetrator of the crime, Matar, was given a reprimand by a local trooper almost immediately after the attack.
While everything was going on, Rushdie, who was in critical condition, was evacuated to UPMC Hamot in Erie, Pennsylvania. There, he was subjected to a number of surgical procedures and placed on a ventilator.
It has been established that the novelist was stabbed multiple times in the hand and the liver, and there is a possibility that he will lose an eye.
As of the 14th of August, the BBC has confirmed that Salman Rushdie has been removed from the ventilator and is now able to talk.
Before then, the bestselling author’s condition had deteriorated to the point that it was considered life-threatening; nevertheless, it now appears like he may pull through and begin a new phase of his life.
The Western world has reacted with an outpouring of sympathy and has condemned the attack as an assault on people’s rights to freedom of expression.